Reforestation and Restoration

Sime Darby Plantation (SDP) is committed to ensuring the restoration of degraded forests as well as the reforestation of areas set aside for conservation in our concession areas. Where possible, we have planted Endangered, Rare and Threatened (ERT) trees to create wildlife corridors linking patches of degraded land. Together with our partners, we have collectively planted 1,531,972 trees to restore the habitats of endangered species.

Our tree planting efforts include the following:
 
Reforestation and Rehabilitation of Orangutan Habitats in Northern Ulu Segama, Sabah, Malaysia 295,159 trees
Sime Darby Plant-A-Tree Programme in Sime Darby Plantation estates, Malaysia 329,225 trees
Sime Darby Plant-A-Tree Programme in Jentar Estate, Pahang, Malaysia 136,036 trees
Project RiLeaf with Nestle Malaysia 588,981 trees
Peat Swamp Forest Protection and Rehabilitation Project in Raja Musa Forest Reserve, Bukit Talang estate, Malaysia 18,500 trees
Riparian and coastal reforestation, Papua New Guinea 69,911 trees
Ramu Tree Nursery, Papua New Guinea 96 trees
Mangrove restoration Numundo coastline, West New Britain, Papua New Guinea 10,914 trees
2020 – SDP Plant-A-Tree Kamuning Estate, Anak Kulim Estate (Polinea planting), West Estate (Forestry Selangor),
and Sarawak Region (UPM & Forestry Sarawak)
83,150 trees

For more information, visit the Sime Darby Foundation website

Restoration & Protection of Orangutan Habitats
 
Sime Darby Plantation Berhad (SBP) had pledged its commitment to assist the State Government of Sabah (represented by the Sabah Forestry Department) on conserving Orangutan habitats at the Bukit Piton Forest Reserve (previously known as Northern Ulu Segama) which is part of the Ulu Segama Malua Forest Reserve in the Heart of Borneo. It started in 2008 when an agreement was signed between the two parties to rehabilitate and restore the entire 5,400 ha of Bukit Piton FR for a period of 10 years, with a total commitment of RM 25 million which was funded by Yayasan Sime Darby.  

About 300,000 trees with more than 95 species were planted in the area that serve as food sources for the orangutans and other wildlife. The project was successful as there have been multiple sightings of a large number of Orangutan nests in the rehabilitated areas. The success also included the reclassification from Class II Commercial Forests to Class I Protection Forests and renamed to Bukit Piton Forest Reserve in March 2012 in which the forest reserve had acquired the Totally Protected Area (TPA) status and improved the ecological functions of the forest. 

The project was completed in 2018 and handed over to Sabah Forestry Department (SFD) during the closing ceremony held on 8 December 2018. 


Managing Human-Elephant Conflict in Our Operations
 
Sime Darby Plantation collaborated with Yayasan Sime Darby, Management and Ecology of Malaysian Elephants (MEME), University of Nottingham Malaysia (UNM) to conduct a research and obtain information Human Elephant Conflict (HEC) found in our Malaysian operations from 2011 to 2018.
 
This collaboration between the private sector, academia and the conservation world is a pioneering step for SDP to improve its co-existence with elephants and other wildlife in our plantations, by establishing the science that can help the organisation manage HEC issues and protect the wildlife while continuing to deliver value for the business. 
 
Yayasan Sime Darby has just committed RM2.85 million to support MEME for the next three years (2020-2022) to develop conflict management approaches that will cater to smallholders and other growers. This grant will assist in the development of a science-backed mechanism to increase support for co-existence between humans and the endangered species. This marks an overall contribution of RM8.11 million by the foundation since 2012, towards the research and conservation management of wild Asian elephants.
 

Conserving the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing Butterfly
 
We recognise that our plantations are habitats for diverse species that are endemic to the locations we operate in. Our plantations are also migratory corridors for wildlife that roam the forests and efforts are in place to connect some of these important wildlife corridors. For example, our operations in Papua New Guinea is home to the Queen Alexandra’s Birdwing Butterfly (QABB) (Ornithoptera Alexandrae). The QABB is the world’s largest butterfly, with a wingspan of 19cm to 30cm. It is endemic to northern Papua New Guinea, east of the Owen Stanley Mountains, and has an extremely small home range. The QABB is commonly found in Papua New Guinea’s lowland rainforests, up to 900m above sea level. It mainly feeds on Aristolochia Dielsiana, a toxic pipevine species that plays a central role in its reproduction.

Through ongoing assessments, we have identified various species that are on Internation Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red lists in our Papua New Guinea operations. We shall continue efforts to monitor and manage the species currently present in our plantations to ensure ecosystems continue to be protected.

With the support from Yayasan Sime Darby, a special lab has been constructed to facilitate the captive breeding of QABB. We aim to enhance the remaining population of this rare species by releasing adult bred specimens into areas of remaining forests where the pipevine plant is known to grow.
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