Biodiversity

Objective



Progress


Sime Darby Plantation became a signatory of the Sustainable Palm Oil Manifesto (SPOM), underscoring our existing commitment to protect primary forests, HCV areas and peatland. Furthermore, in partnership with other SPOM signatories, we are funding a research to define what constitutes as a High Carbon Stock (HCS) forest and to establish HCS thresholds that take into account environmental, socio-economic and political factors in developing and emerging economies.

As part of our Group-Wide Tree Planting initiative, Sime Darby Plantation has a target of planting one million trees by 2020. We have planted and are now maintaining over 820,664 trees to date, which range from Endangered, Rare and Threatened (ERT) species, to various fruit trees.

PONGO Alliance
Aligned with our commitment of respecting and protecting the environment by promoting sustainable consumption and production, we are now taking a step forward in enhancing our effort on orang utan and wildlife conservation through PONGO Alliance. The Palm Oil NGO (PONGO) Alliance was founded in 2015 and officially launched in June 2017. The Alliance's mission is to support the proper management of orangutans and other wildlife within oil palm landscapes.  

The PONGO Alliance works as a network or platform to encourage collaboration in pursuit of effective and sustainable solutions for protecting orangutans and their habitat in an oil-palm landscape. Researches have demonstrated that orangutans can move through large areas of oil-palm (causing minimal damage), which indicates that management plans which enhance mosaic landscapes can provide solutions for the survival of the orangutan (and other biodiversity) in harmony with development needs.

For more information on PONGO Alliance, click here.

Approach

Sime Darby Plantation operates in 17 countries a, including Malaysia and Indonesia, which are recognised as having among the highest rates of biodiversity in the world. Both countries maintain more than 50% forest cover in wildlife reserves and regulations provide for adequate buffer zones and the maintenance of wildlife reserves adjacent to planted areas.

We strictly adhere to both national and RSPO guidelines on biodiversity conservation by carrying out environmental assessments in our areas of operations.
Our efforts to reduce the Biodiversity risk of our operations include:
  • No clearing on primary / natural forests and High Conservation Value (HCV) areas
  • Zero burning for oil palm re-plantings and new development
  • Protect and conserve endangered, rare and threatened (ERT) tree species
  • No new planting on peatlands
  • No hunting within our operations

In accordance with our commitment to the RSPO’s Principles and Criteria 7.3, independent HCV assessments are conducted at our plantation estates prior to new plantings or developments, including plantations that have yet to be certified in Indonesia and Liberia.

The assessments aim to identify HCV areas that may be negatively affected by our operations. The HCV assessments are conducted in conjunction with independent Social and Environmental Impact Assessments (SEIA) that are also carried out prior to new developments. Where loss of HCV biodiversity has been identified, Sime Darby Plantation will develop Biodiversity Conservation Compensation Projects (BCCP) with Project-Affected Communities (PAC). Priority is given to in-situ remediation through the new planting of ERT trees in conservation areas within Sime Darby Plantation operations.

Management plans are developed to mitigate potential impacts identified, such as setting aside appropriate buffer zones.

For more information on our Biodiversity activities, click here.

Case Studies

Ulu Segama Malua: Orang Utan Sanctuary

Since 2009, Sime Darby Plantation and Yayasan Sime Darby, our philanthropic arm, has been working with the Sabah state government on the restoration of 5,400 hectares of degraded forest area in the northern Ulu Segama Malua area.



The restoration project entails an outlay of RM 25 million over 10 years and focuses its efforts on replanting forest tree species to create a habitat for the orang utans of Ulu Segama Malua. The area is a forest complex that had been degraded in the past with logging activities resulting in the loss of habitats for wildlife where fast growing indigenous tree species have been planted at areas where standing stock is absent or inadequate.

At the end of the reporting period, we had successfully planted more than 2,000 hectares or 37% of the area.
The activities are ongoing until 2018. We also work together with the Sabah Forestry Department’s Wildlife Department to actively monitor populations and movement of wildlife in the area. Through this exercise, we have recorded the presence of species including the bearded pig, sambar deer, pig tailed macaque, orang utan, common porcupine, lesser mouse deer, malayan weasel, and hairy nosed otter in the area.


ERT Planting Project

The Jentar Nursery project began operations in September 2013 as a nursery to breed Endangered, Rare and Threatened (ERT) forest tree species as part of our initiative to conserve and enhance our set-aside areas including river buffer zones and steep slopes, among others.



The forest tree nursery houses almost 48,000 seedlings comprising of 47 species. Out of the total, 25 species are listed as ERT whilst another 22 species are forest trees which are endemic to the adjacent Krau Wildlife Reserve. The first phase of planting activity was done at the Bukit Angin site near the Kerdau Estate in January 2014. 
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