Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the use of holistic and compatible methods of
pest and disease control to reduce economic injury.
Sime Darby through its inherited research, experience and breakthroughs in IPM is
a pioneer in the industry. Sime Darby Plantation has chosen a balanced IPM over
use of chemical pesticides. IPM removes the overdependence on pesticides, making
the process more sustainable. The typical pests within an oil palm estate include
rats, bagworms, nettle caterpillars and rhinoceros beetles.
These pests are controlled using:
- Direct bio-control agents such as viruses and fungi to infect the pests such as
Cordyceps to manage the population of the nettle caterpillar.
- Predatory animals/insects such as barn owls that feed on pests namely rats to control
their population. Barn owls and snakes keep check on the rodent population, while
predatory insects, parasitoids and entomo-fungi eliminate lead-defoliating insects.Beneficial
plants are cultivated to provide shelter and supplementary food such as nectar in encouraging
the population of predators and parasites.
- Environment-friendly insecticides. Insecticides are only resorted to in outbreak
situation where natural enemy pressure is no longer sufficient to manage the pest
population. Once the situation is within control, natural controls will be reactivated.
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